New to psychological network analysis? Looking for an overview of the literature, or tutorials on how to estimate network models? This site contains a list of introduction and tutorial papers, articles, and blog posts. If you know of other good resources, please let me know so I can update the page.

Workshop materials

  • The best starting point to pick up both network theory and network methodology are the network analysis workshops we have been giving. All materials – including slides, R-syntax, example data, and references – are available here for free on the Open Science Framework. Feel free to contact me if you are interested to host a workshop at your University. The workshops cover network estimation, inference, and accuracy of both cross-sectional and time-series network models.

Psych-networks.com tutorials

Conceptual introductions

  • Borsboom, D. (2017). A network theory of mental disorders. World Psychiatry. (PDF)
  • Fried, E. I., van Borkulo, C. D., Cramer, A. O. J., Boschloo, L., Schoevers, R. A., & Borsboom, D. (2016). Mental disorders as networks of problems: a review of recent insights. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. (PDF)
  • McNally, R. J. (2016). Can network analysis transform psychopathology? Behaviour Research and Therapy.(PDF)
  • Borsboom, D., & Cramer, A. O. J. (2013). Network analysis: an integrative approach to the structure of psychopathology. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology. (PFD)
  • Schmittmann, V. D., Cramer, A. O. J., Waldorp, L. J., Epskamp, S., Kievit, R. A., & Borsboom, D. (2013). Deconstructing the construct: A network perspective on psychological phenomena. New Ideas in Psychology. (PDF)
  • Cramer, A. O. J., Waldorp, L. J., van der Maas, H. L. J., & Borsboom, D. (2010). Comorbidity: a network perspective. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences. (PDF)


General tutorials
Estimating networks in cross-sectional data
  • Epskamp, S., & Fried, E. I. (under revision). A Tutorial on Regularized Partial Correlation Networks.
    This tutorial paper explains in detail how regularization works in psychological networks (Preprint).
  • Epskamp, S., Borsboom, D., & Fried, E. I. (2017). Estimating Psychological Networks and their Accuracy: A Tutorial Paper. (PDF).
  • Jonas Haslbeck: Predictability in network models. Allows you to estimate how much R^2 of each node in the network is explained by its neighbors.
  • Jonas Haslbeck: Mixed graphical models (MGM). In contrast to the Ising Model (binary data) and the Gaussian Graphical Model (Gaussian data), MGM can feature different types of variables in the same network. Tutorial 1: estimating MGMs (blog post). Tutorial 2: interactions between categorical variables blog post).
  • Costantini, G., Epskamp, S., Borsboom, D., Perugini, M., Mõttus, R., Waldorp, L. J., & Cramer, A. O. J. (2015). State of the aRt personality research: A tutorial on network analysis of personality data in R. Journal of Research in Personality. (PDF).
Estimating networks in time-series data
  • Bringmann, L. F., Pe, M. L., Vissers, N., Ceulemans, E., Borsboom, D., Vanpaemel, W., … Kuppens, P. (2016). Assessing Temporal Emotion Dynamics Using Networks. Assessment (PDF)
    The supplementary materials of this paper contain both R and Matlab codes.
  • Fred Hasselmann: testing time-series data for stationarity (blog post).

Limitations and criticism of the network approach

  • Fried, E. I. & Cramer, A. O. J. (in print). Moving forward: challenges and directions for psychopathological network theory and methodology. Perspectives on Psychological Science. (Preprint)
  • Guloksuz, S., Pries, L.-K., & Van Os, J. (in print). Application of network methods for understanding mental disorders: pitfalls and promise. Psychological Medicine, 1–10. 10.1017/S0033291717001350. (PDF)
  • Bulteel, K., Tuerlinckx, F., Brose, A., Ceulemans, E. (2016). Using raw VAR regression coefficients to build networks can be misleading. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 51, 330-344. (URL)
  • Terluin B., de Boer, M. R., de Vet, H. C. W. (2016). Differences in Connection Strength between Mental Symptoms Might Be Explained by Differences in Variance: Reanalysis of Network Data Did Not Confirm Staging. PLOS ONE 11(11): e0155205. (URL)
  • Bos, E. H., & Wanders, R. B. K. (2016). Group-level symptom networks in depression. JAMA Psychiatry, 73(4), 411. (URL)

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